Book of Abraham Insights

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How Did Joseph Smith Translate the Book of Abraham?

Book of Abraham Insight #39 Multiple sources associated with the coming forth of the Book of Abraham spoke of Joseph Smith as translating the text.1 The Prophet himself used this language to describe his own activity with the text. For example, an entry in Joseph Smith’s journal under the date

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The “Kirtland Egyptian Papers” and the Book of Abraham

Book of Abraham Insight #38 Associated with the translation of the Book of Abraham is a collection of documents known today as the Kirtland Egyptian Papers.1 This name was coined by Hugh Nibley in the early 1970s to describe a corpus of manuscripts that can be classified into, broadly, two

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What Egyptian Papyri Did Joseph Smith Possess?

Book of Abraham Insight #37 Joseph Smith acquired the Egyptian papyri associated with the coming forth and translation of the Book of Abraham in July 1835. From historical evidence and the papyrus fragments that were returned to the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in November 1967,1 we

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Isis the Pharaoh (Facsimile 3, Figure 2)

Book of Abraham Insight #36 The explanation given for Facsimile No. 3 identifies Figure 2 as “King Pharaoh, whose name is given in the characters above his head.” One potential way to identity this figure by Egyptological methods would be to read “the characters [hieroglyphs] above his head.” Unfortunately, the

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Abraham and Osiris (Facsimile 3, Figure 1)

Book of Abraham Insight #35 Figure 1 of Facsimile 3 of the Book of Abraham was interpreted by Joseph Smith as, “Abraham sitting upon Pharaoh’s throne, by the politeness of the king; with a crown upon his head, representing the priesthood; as emblematical of the grand presidency in heaven; with

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Facsimile 3: Judgment Scene vs. Presentation Scene

Book of Abraham Insight #34 Facsimile 3 of the Book of Abraham has been identified in the past by Egyptologists as “a constantly recurring scene in Egyptian literature, best known from the 125th chapter of the Book of the Dead. It represents the judgment of the dead before the throne

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God Sitting Upon His Throne (Facsimile 2, Figure 7)

Book of Abraham Insight #33 Figure 7 in Facsimile 2 is identified as follows: “Represents God sitting upon his throne, revealing through the heavens the grand Key-words of the Priesthood; as, also, the sign of the Holy Ghost unto Abraham, in the form of a dove.” Appearing in several other

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